5 Beginner's Steps for Restoring a Classic Car

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Monday, September 16, 2013 0 comments
Most men have tinkered around a bit with their own cars, but diving into a full-fledged auto restoration project can be downright intimidating. CarsDirect.com estimates that a full professional restoration of a classic car can cost from $40,000 to $60,000. Of course, newer cars with less damage will cost less to restore, and doing the restoration work yourself is the most affordable option of all.

But how to get started? From choosing ideal parts to following proper procedures, there's a big learning curve for the newbie. Studying instruction manuals, watching YouTube videos or working directly with a mentor can get a novice car tech off on the right foot; however, if the idea of restoring an entire car is too daunting, stick with entry-level projects and begin by learning the basics.

Grab a Guide

To start, purchase a car restoration guide for the car you want to work on. Sites like www.oldcarsbookstore.com and www.themotorbookstore.com can be great resources. A guide will offer the necessary steps, tips and specific techniques to restore any vehicle back to mint condition. A beginner could potentially start with a vehicle that doesn’t require extensive repairs, or choose easy projects one by one. An auto guide will walk you through simple as well as more advanced projects.

Fix Dents

This is a great starter-project for the novice car restorer. Pounding out both small and large dents in a car requires just a few tools such as a mallet, hammer and dollies. You'll also need patience, perseverance and precision to fix dents, but it's a task that can be undertaken by any beginner.

Replace Window Glass

Change the window regulator or replace old window glass by following a step-by-step procedure listed in your car restoration guide. However, don't underestimate the utility of a good YouTube video; there are many restoration aficionados out there sharing their experience and wisdom for free on just about any aspect of auto restoration. Strongly consider using original equipment manufacturer suppliers, whether you're working with Ford, Honda or Acura OEM parts, you'll rest easier knowing there won't be compatibility issues.


Proper sanding is key to a successful new paint job. Sanding the vehicle will smooth out cracks, dings and imperfections, resulting in a pristine, professional-looking paint job. Start by choosing a quality sanding block and a coarse sandpaper grit. To get to the bare metal of the car, 80 grit sandpaper will likely be required. However, you'll then have to smooth out scratches. Gradually work your way up to higher number grit papers, from 150 to 320 and 400 before applying a primer coat.


Inexperienced car painters often try to paint a vehicle too quickly. Don't make this mistake by holding the paint spray nozzle 10 to 12 inches away from the vehicle. Spray with slow, even strokes from right to left. Apply one coat of primer and then wait 24 hours for it to dry. Sand with 800 grit paper. Apply two to three paint coats, and check the instructions that accompany the paint for drying times and other specifics. Sand each dry paint layer with progressively higher grits of sandpaper (1,000 to 1,500.) After your final coat of paint, wet-sand the vehicle with 2,000 grit sandpaper. When dry, buff to a high sheen.

Tools and Techniques for Stripping Any Kind of Wire

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Wednesday, September 11, 2013 0 comments
Removing insulation from wire can be accomplished several ways. The best method to use depends on wire type and the kind of insulation. Simple tools can be used for removing small lengths of insulation while bulk removal usually requires strippers that are more complex.

The Knife

This method is the homeowner’s default. Grab a utility knife, insert a sharp blade and start hacking away. If you do not have a better tool and are only stripping short lengths, this is a suitable approach, but be careful. Always keep the cutting edge of the blade facing away from your body. Position the blade at a low angle of about 30 degrees from horizontal so that you do not accidentally knick the conductor. If the wire is multistranded, then damage to the conductors is more likely compared to other approaches.

Simple Wire Strippers

Plier-style wire strippers come in many forms but they all work in the same general manner. They have either multiple notches to match different wire sizes or a single notch whose diameter is adjustable. As long as the cutting notch is the correct size, these strip insulation quickly with no conductor damage. They are good for single conductor or multistranded wire.

Bulk Wire Strippers

If you have a lot of wire to strip, then some version of a mechanical stripper saves time and imparts less damage to the conductors. Some use heavy, sharp steel blades, which are adjusted to the wire size. The blades slice and peel the insulation as the operator pulls the wire through the machine. Motor driven versions may use blades or abrasive wheels. The correct choice of wheels is necessary to avoid conductor damage.

Using Heat

Techniques that use thermal energy to remove wire insulation are suitable for small or large scale stripping. For light wire, a lighter or match can melt the insulation from an end of the wire. If you are using the utility knife method, heating the blade in a torch flame softens the insulation as you slice, which makes removal easier. In fact, some automatic strippers use a heated blade for just this reason.

Chemical Removal

Bulk stripping uses corrosive chemicals that dissolve the insulation from the wire. This technique is not recommended for the homeowner as the chemicals used are toxic and require special handling and disposal. If chemicals are used, special care must be taken to rinse the exposed wire several times to ensure that no residue is left behind, which could damage the wire.

Special Wire Strippers

Some wire, such as coaxial cable, has a complex structure that makes stripping more difficult. Stripping in preparation for adding connectors is usually done with specialized tools that cut the inner and outer conductors to proper lengths in a single step. 

Another specialized wire package, used for house wiring in North America, is Romex cable, which contains three or more insulated conductors in a flat configuration packaged within a second insulation layer. A special stripper made specifically for this cable removes the outer layer easily. Any simple stripping tool can be used for exposing the inner conductors. Romex cable meant for outside or underground use has an especially tough outer layer that requires one of these special strippers.

Happy Wire Stripping!

Whichever of the methods above you choose, exercise caution and common sense.

About The Author :

Karl Sandberg is an avoid home improvement and DIY enthusiast and enjoys blogging regularly about the topic.


8 differences between cheap and expensive tyres

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Sunday, September 8, 2013 0 comments
The types of tyres that you have on your car not only determine the level of safety while on the road, but also the level of comfort that you enjoy. It is always important to have quality tyres, especially if one is planning to drive non-stop over a long distance.
There is a raging debate among drivers, on the difference between cheap and expensive tyres. Many drivers argue that, they feel little difference in traction, grip and comfort when using either cheap or expensive tyres. This leads to the question. What is the difference between cheap and expensive tyres?

1) Tire longevity
The first difference is in tire longevity. As the saying goes, cheap is expensive in the long run. Expensive tyres are made with higher quality materials as compared to cheap ones. Consequently, due to the high quality material used in the making of expensive tyres, they wear more evenly as compared to cheap ones. As such, one gets a higher service life by buying an expensive tyre, as compared to a cheap one.

2) Retreading
Closely related to longevity is the issue of retreading. Retreading means applying a new tread to an old tyre. Due to the high quality of material used in the making of expensive tyres, it is easy to retread them. This serves to add to the service life that the owner receives, from such a tyre. Cheap tyres on the other hand are hard to retread. The material they are made of tears easily, making it impossible to create new treads. In cases where the retreading machine manages to create new treads on a cheap tyre, they do not last. They also put the driver’s life in danger as they can burst at any time, with each new tread. Why not do something else with your old tyres instead?

3) Road grip
The third difference between cheap and expensive tyres is road grip. The average driver knows that, the better a tyre grips the road, the more comfortable a ride is. Given the quality of materials and the extensive testing that goes into the making of expensive tyres, they tend to grip the road better. Though this is an advantage, it also poses a major disadvantage to expensive tyres. The very firm grip on tarmac roads makes them wear out faster due to friction. However, this disadvantage is quickly compensated with the driving comfort, which comes with buying an expensive tyre over a cheap one.

4) Tyre warranty
Fourthly is in the issue of tyre warranty. Expensive tyres come with a higher warranty period as compared to cheap ones. This means that, if anything comes up along the way, a driver who buys an expensive tyre can always rest assured of getting a replacement, an option which stands for longer as compared to the warranty of a cheap tyre. In fact most cheap tyres come without a warranty. This is because the manufacturers know their product quality, cannot be relied upon to deliver for long. A long warranty helps a driver save on money in the long run as they can drive, and replace a tyre incase its faulty. This is done without incurring any extra costs.

5) Load capacity
Another difference between cheap and expensive tyres is load capacity. The last thing a driver wants is a tyre that loses its shape when a car carries to its load capacity. Expensive tyres are manufactured using high quality material. They also undergo extensive load testing to ensure that, they can handle the load capacity, of the vehicles they are designed for. On the other hand, cheap tyres are made with cheap materials and in many cases do not undergo thorough load capacity testing. This makes them risky especially if a vehicle overloads beyond its specified load capacity even by a small margin.

6) Cost
Cheap and expensive tyres also differ on cost. A typical good quality tyre is made using very expensive materials. It is also produced using very advanced and expensive technology. Moreover it undergoes on the road testing to ensure that it conforms to set quality standards. This complex and expensive production process usually reflects in the tire’s consumer cost. Cheap tyres also undergo a similar process, albeit with lower quality materials and technology. In fact, the average expensive tyre is close to 30% more expensive than a similar cheap tyre in similar categories.

7) Roll noise
Cheap and expensive tyres also differ in term of tyre roll noise. In the making of expensive tyres, manufacturers strike a delicate balance between traction and annoying tyre roll noise. This makes the ride smooth for drivers no matter the speed or road quality. Cheap tyres on the other hand lack this characteristic. The average cheap tyre holds on to the road in such a manner that, they generate a lot of noise while driving. The noise can be so annoying that over long distances, it can be a form of distraction to the driver, posing a risk of distraction related accidents.

8) Tyre burn
In addition, cheap and expensive tyres differ when it comes to the issue of tyre burn. Every travelled in a car over a long distance and start smelling rubber? This can be very uncomfortable because, opening windows brings in an uncomfortable wind pressure, while rolling windows up brings a feeling of suffocation. This is a characteristic of a cheap tyre. Expensive tyres are manufactured using state of the art technology, which ensures that tyres do not overheat no matter the speed or distance covered. Tyre burn on cheap tyres is one of the reasons that lead to bursts, which at a high speeds can cause fatal accidents.

From the above 8 differences, it is easy to tell between a cheap and expensive tyre. Depending on the budget, a consumer always has a choice between cheap and expensive tyres. However, for safety purposes, it is always advisable to buy expensive vehicle tyres. Though the initial cost is high, they have a higher service life, and are cheaper to maintain in the long run. Besides, your life is the most important thing, and no matter how expensive tyres may seem to be, they are designed to protect your life. In case you opt for cheap tyres, ask around for those that have above par quality standards.

About The Author :
Colin Jones is an engineer from Brisbane in Australia.

How to Turn Your Hobby Into A Business

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Saturday, August 31, 2013 0 comments
 It's a common dream to get out of the corporate rat race to do something you truly enjoy with your time. Many people are turning from traditional retail to selling a product or service online. If you have a hobby or service you are trained in or have a knack for, you may have the means to open your own online business. It won't feel like a job when you're truly looking forward to doing it every day. But, you do need to treat it as a business and become tech-savvy to keep it up and running.

Business Focus

The best way to prepare is to do as much research as possible before you dive into turning your hobby into a business, according to Startup Nation. One of the most important things you can do is determine the realistic expectations that come from running this type of business. You don't want to set incredibly lofty goals, and then be displeased if you don't meet them. Consider that many businesses don't make a profit in their first several years, and adjust your expectations based on this. "Craft, Inc." is a great book on the subject, with extensive insights on the transition.

The Challenges

It sounds like the greatest thing in the world, but running your own business based on your hobby can end up being a frustrating endeavor at times. One of the major challenges is shifting into business mode. You need to be charging enough to pay yourself a decent hourly wage, cover your business overheads and cover the cost of supplies. Etsy also mentions that sometimes turning your hobby into a business isn't actually something you should pursue, as it turns a stress-relieving activity into a stressful, required one. Think of how many people who love to cook go into restaurant careers. Many of them end up hating the thing they once loved immensely due to unforseen aspects of the job.

The Tax Implications

You also get a variety of tax benefits when you turn your hobby into a business. If you're taking the business seriously, you should upgrade your Internet to a higher speed service, such as CenturyLink Internet, so you can better assist customers. Bank Rate also reports you can itemize your expenses, such as supplies and marketing, deduct losses and deduct part of your utilities and mortgage if you're using an area primarily for business. You do need to turn a profit for 3 out of 5 years you're in business, or the IRS may consider you a hobby instead of a business, which doesn't give you the same benefits.

Everything You Didn’t Know About Spherical Bearings

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Monday, August 26, 2013 0 comments
Spherical bearings make it possible to use everyday machines. Without them, components of these machines would break down due to frictional damage. It is easier to move an object when rolling it as opposed to sliding it. This is the concept behind the use of bearings. When an object slides, it must move against the force of friction. Increased friction causes the object to slow down. Spherical bearings are used to reduce friction and maintain movement between bearing races. Instead of two surfaces sliding against one another, bearings allow them to roll against one another. They are designed to accommodate shaft misalignment and reduce friction with the use of balls or cylinders placed within raceways. As a bearing race rotates it causes the bearing to roll against it smoothly, thereby bearing the load placed against the device. Bearings are subject to radial and thrust loads. Radial loads put weight on the bearing such that the bearing is forced to rotate due to tension. A thrust load is applied parallel to the bearing’s axis. There are four common types of bearings.

Types of Bearings

Spherical ball bearings (also known as self-aligning double row ball bearings) are designed to correct severe misalignment. They are able to align themselves with the shaft and assembly without causing unnecessary pressure on the rest of the assembly. The spherical ball bearing has the lowest friction of all rolling bearings. Because of its shape, the sphere only contacts the races at small points, allowing them to spin smoothly. They can handle both radial and thrust loads. In roller bearings the shape is cylindrical, so the outer and inner races are contacted on a constant line. This shape spreads the load out over a larger area allowing them to handle greater loads than ball bearings. Unlike ball bearings, they are not designed to handle thrust loads. Spherical roller bearings are used in conveyor belt rollers, which call for large radial loads. Spherical plain bearings have an inner ring with a convex spherical surface and an outer ring which corresponds with a concave surface. Rod end bearings are used at the end of rods and have a male or female thread for mounting.

Common Uses

Spherical bearings are found everywhere from rollerblades to hard drives. They are commonly used in car suspensions, drive shafts, engines and heavy machinery. Skateboard wheels contain a pair of bearings that are subject to axial and radial loads. Yo-yos are now commonly made with bearings in the centres. Lazy Susans and similar devices rely on bearings to operate. Desk drawers, fans and air conditioning units function in this same way. Ball bearings were used in the world's first bicycle road race. The winning bicycle was fitted with bearings by Jules Sunray, a bicycle mechanic who earned the first patent for bearings in 1869.

Alternate Uses

Magnetic bearings are used in high-speed devices such as flywheel power storage mechanisms. The magnetic bearings allow the flywheel to float on a magnetic field. The flywheels may run at speeds higher than 50,000 revolutions per minute. Normal ball or roller bearings would melt or explode in these conditions. As the magnetic bearing has no moving parts, it can handle such high speeds. Large roller bearings were used as early as ancient Egypt. When the pyramids were constructed, workers used round logs to transport heavy stones to and from the building site. Earthquake-proof structures use bearing technology to withstand damage caused by movement. San Francisco International Airport is one of these structures. The columns that support the airport ride on bearings that are 1.5 meters in diameter. The concave base of the column rests in the ground. As the columns roll around they help to isolate the building’s motion from that of the ground. After movement subsides, gravity brings the columns back to their starting places. Ball and roller bearings are maintained with a lubricant. Without this lubricant, which is usually grease, they are subject to eventual damage. If the bearings fail, so does the function of the machine. While their presence may not be noticeable, the difference without them would be. They provide for the fluid movement and operation of large and small devices, and may even save lives in times of natural disaster.

About The Author :
Daniel Johns writes about Industrial Manufacturing and Machinery. He recommends Statewide Bearings as a top supplier of Sperical Bearings in Perth, WA.

Montgomery Barron: An Artist's Artist

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Thursday, August 22, 2013 0 comments
Sometimes art is just a result of being in the right situation at the right moment. When Jeanette Montgomery Barron moved to New York in 1979 and entered the International Center of Photography, she likely had no idea that she was soon going to be perfectly situated to create some historically important photography. Nevertheless, it happened thanks to her simple idea: using artists themselves as photographic subjects.
Her first subject was Francesco Clemente in 1982. Clemente was a noted figure on the contemporary art scene and a famous Italian. Her work snowballed with various artists and New York aesthetic figures offering to stand for her. In no time at all the important Swiss art dealer Thomas Ammann started to collect her images. Matthias Brunner did so as well.

Jeanette Montgomery Barron soon made the acquaintance of someone who would launch her career in a big way. Bruno Bischofberger was an important international art dealer with a worldwide reputation. Bischofberger visited Montgomery Barron's apartment in New York one day and left with forty photographs under his arm. He had purchased them as soon as he had seen them. Bischofberger was so pleased with Montgomery Barron's work, he suggested that they publish a collection of her photographs in a book. Bischofberger then gave her a show at his Zurich art gallery.

In 1985, Bischofberger asked Montgomery Barron to visit The Factory, Andy Warhol's famous studio. Bischofberger wanted Montgomery Barron to photograph Warhol and Jean-Michel Basquiat. Those photographs would become legendary.

For the rest of the decade, Montgomery Barron continued to photograph living legends in the visual art and literary spheres of New York. She did portrait images of William S. Burroughs, Cindy Sherman, and Robert Mapplethorpe. Her images manage to capture the personality of each subject while remaining visually simple.
Her photography started to change when her career took her out of New York. Montgomery Barron moved to Connecticut. She also lived part of the year in Rome. She published a series of photographs in 1998 under the title "Photographs and Poems". The poems were supplied by her collaborator Jorie Graham. Another series of images called "Mirrors" appeared in 2004, published by Holzwarth. In that book the text was provided by the notorious author Edmund White. Montgomery Barron returned to the subject of photographing artists with her collection titled "Session with Keith Haring" in 2006.

While Jeanette Montgomery Barron's career was certainly successful to that point, she reached a whole new level of popular success with her book "In My Mother's Clothes" in 2010. Since her mother was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, Montgomery Barron had been photographing items of her mother's to help her mother remember things. When her mother died, Montgomery Barron continued to photograph those things to keep her own memory of her mother alive. These simple color images of her mother's personal effects are very poignant. The book was a great success, connecting with a broad public. The album of photographs was widely praised in many of the major newspapers.


4 Keys to Build Muscle and Be More Confident

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Wednesday, August 21, 2013 0 comments
“Make sure you keep working out, or you’re either become really skinny or really fat,” is what my gymnastics coach told me when I decided to quit. For six years I was a competitive gymnast, spending hours in the gym practicing tricks and conditioning to build the muscle needed to master them.

I stayed fairly active after quitting by competing in other sports, but once I headed off to college the best I could do was intramurals. My time in the gym was limited, but I thought nothing of it as my muscle mass slowly deteriorated. One day I attempted a hanging abs exercise that used to be a staple as a gymnast, but the task had suddenly become herculean.

It was definitely a reality check and one that started making me take fitness seriously. I began to consume fitness magazines and put their tips to use in the gym. There are countless opportunities to improve your time exercising, but these three tips are easy ones that should put you on the right start.

1. Start Taking a Testosterone Supplement. Natural free testosterone support supplements are great ways to begin to release free testosterone in the body. Infact by stimulating the pituitary gland and helping the mind to relax helps to increase test levels. While some users argue about what is the right supplement to use, many users have found TestRush to be the best testosterone booster.

2. Consume protein before, during or directly after your workout. I often saw bros with sleeveless shirts carrying their protein shakes from the bench press to the squat bar and taking swigs in between reps. I always scoffed at their overkill, but recently I found out they had actually been outsmarting me. The general thought is that eating protein helps build muscle when consumed within at least 30 minutes of a workout is much more beneficial for increased muscle mass than waiting for several hours after a workout. This is especially true if you exercise in the morning after not eating all night.

3. Find a workout buddy. Most people understand the logic that having somebody waiting for a spot will force you to grab your shorts and stay committed to the time you agree on, but who should you choose? The former boxer? Your triathlete friend? The guy whose biceps look like your thighs? Actually, your best bet may be the company accountant you normally just nod politely to in the elevator. Going to the gym with someone in better shape than you can be discouraging, but if you’re the one leading exercises it will most likely result in you working harder and pushing yourself to your limits. Look for someone who is reliable and is in decent enough shape to push that he will force you to push yourself.

4. Switch up your workouts. When you start working out on a regular basis it is easy to strain the limits of what your muscles are used to. But just like how your brain gets used to things like reading and basic addition, your muscles will get bored of the same lifts. Spend your time at the gym targeting different muscle groups, and working them to their full potential. For example, if you want a six pack, you’ll need to do more than just crunches. On abs days, work both lower and upper abs by doing a range of exercises such as flutter kicks, hanging leg lifts, tuck-ups(lifting both legs and torso off the ground to a tuck position) and bicycles. You’ll also want to work side abdominals and your lower back to keep your abs supported and tight.

After you’ve tackled these basic techniques to build muscle, you can start experimenting with different routines to personalize your workout and improve your strength. Otherwise, you’ll end up losing a lot of weight, or gaining a lot of unwanted weight.

About The Author :
Eric Bywater is a personal fitness trainer and lifecoach in Melbourne.

Require Auto-repair Ideas? Continue Reading This Article!

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On 1 comments
 Public Vehicle Auction in Upper Marlboro, MDLearning the the inner workings of vehicle repair might be overwhelming whenever you don't even understand the fundamentals. The next post will allow you to begin. This post can surely help you on the path to understanding of vehicle repair and cash. Be sure to don't ignore the radiator. You ought to allow your vehicle run for a couple minutes, shut-down the motor after which open the hood. Never open your radiator cap in the event the motor is operating. Assess the radiator fluid with a dipstick and remember to constantly blend the coolant with water before incorporating it.

If you want clarification, encertain to explain it first. You absolutely do not need to incur additional costs after the repairs are complete. You don't constantly must call a mechanic each time you're having auto is giving your troubles. There are various things which could be repaired very readily. When it is a speedy repair to create, you may save some funds by means of performing the repairs yourself.

Referrals may be useful to get a reliable mechanic. Ask the individuals that you know for suggestions. You may obtain information regarding cost and amount of quality. People might tell you understand how their expertise was a great one. Seek out online reviews of various local auto stores online. This may also enable you understand what people thinks of how others experience the services they supply. This information can play a huge role within the store which makes you comfortable.

Never leave any valuables inside your vehicle when dropping it off for repairs. Mechanics may need to empty the interior of your car and they can't be held responsible in the event that you find something lost. You need to remove each of the things from your trunk. Be sure the mechanic you hire understands about your special vehicle. In the event that you can't be certain, consider having a seller fix your automobile.

Replacing the bulbs on your own taillights or headlamps yourself can save do-it on your own. It is simpler to do in a few automobiles, which is a lot cheaper than having somebody else do-it. Ask somebody you trust if he is able to assist with this particular small repair. Never miss your windshield wipers. You may require new windshield wipers in case the ones which you have are making noises and leaving streaks to the glass.

Colonial Auto Auction

Discuss with pals about where they receive their car shop tips before you select a shop. You might get several recommendations from relatives and buddies. You need to still always do your homework yet. At least attempt to locate some online reviews online. Examine all lights that flash in your dash and understand what each one signifies. These warning lights can inform you when something is wrong with your vehicle. Disregarding these warning lights won't make the issue considerably worse than it currently is.

Instead of continuously seeing your mechanic, you must now know the best way to see warning signals your auto needs fixing. Use the hints you've read here in order to understand the principles of auto-repair. Keep this guidance in your mind once your car does not do what you need it to do.

Colonial Auto Auction is the auction service that the 6 counties surrounding Upper Marlboro use to sell their surplus vehicles. If these counties have the confidence that we are able to provide them with quality customer service, as well as sell their vehicles and cars for the best deal, you should too! We offer you the opportunity to immediately sell your vehicle to us. However, for a reasonable fee, we can include your vehicle in our next auto auction in Upper Marlboro.

Office Bin Liners

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Monday, August 19, 2013 0 comments
There are many suppliers of janitorial products in the UK today. My attention is, for the moment, specifically focused on garbage. In particular I am dealing with Office Bin Liners. The reliability of a bin liner can have serious implications on the janitorial and cleaning crew that ends up with the ‘dirty work’.

A leaking liner causes a mess on the floor and in the bin, which will now require a thorough or deep-clean to tidy up. Late at night the janitors are not pleased with bargain basement liners that increase their workload. The people at the Mega Trade Store are the suppliers of sturdy, affordable liners.

They supply a bin liner that is fifteen inches at the base, by twenty-four inches deep and twenty-four inches wide at the mouth. A very handy size that covers most all office bins. They come in counts of one thousand bags in a box.

Each individual liner is sufficiently long to overhang the top of the average office bin. That provides enough space beyond the fill room to prevent the bag from over expanding and collapsing on itself in the bin. Even when the liner is fully loaded the overlap provides enough grasping room to twist the bag and apply a twist-tie to keep everything inside.

The office bin liners from the Mega Trade Store are durable and will not leak at the corners or any of the seams. The material is sturdy enough to resist punctures caused by sharp metal filing-clasps that constantly work their way into the trash bin.

Ordering the liners is a snap, simply go to their product information site of the Mega Trade Store and there you will have a confirmation of this product and its details. There is also a quotation of the going price and a ‘Shopping Bag’ system to begin processing the order.

Make sure to consult the chart that explains the bulk purchasing discounts that are available when you order higher volumes:

For orders of one to five boxes you pay the basic price.

Then for orders of six to ten boxes there is a volume discount of approximately three percent.
For orders in excess of ten boxes there is a volume discount of approximately six percent.
The terms and conditions of the sale are all very clearly explained. Clear instructions and the technical details of shipping and the store’s policy for dealing with ‘returned goods’ are all located on the Mega Trade Store’s website.

They have made the process of stocking bin liners simple and convenient.

Written by Tony Davies for Mega Trade Store.

The evolution of commercial printers

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Thursday, August 15, 2013 0 comments
Before printing methods were developed, the closest thing the world had to a printer was a scribe, or a man who reproduced scrolls or books, usually religious material. Reproducing works during antiquity periods took a long time with minimal output. Type-setting slowly evolved during the Renaissance period, leading to a broader audience reach in terms production volume.

The printing process has greatly evolved over time. Woodblock printing was the earliest form of printing, created in China in 200A.D. and later expanded into Egypt around the 4th century. The 19th century bore the advent of paper production and the printing of the earliest and completely surviving printed book, Diamond Sutra dated May 11, 868; it is safely stored in the British Library. 400,000 copies of the Diamond book circulated in the 10th century along with classic printed works of Confucius. Printing output then reached up to 2000 double-sheets if done by a skilled printer.

Movable type printing used porcelain and was pioneered by Bi Sheng in the year 1040. Metal was introduced in Korea paving the way for the premier printed book of this period, the Jiki in 1377. Both porcelain and metal printing processes proved to be expensive and laborious to reprint books and other printed materials.

1450 was the year Johannes Gutenburg introduced the concept of a printing press. He fashioned his movable pieces from lead, tin, alloy and antimony - these are still used in the present time. These pieces were more durable having letterings which were uniform. This uniformity became the source of fonts and typography. The durable and bankable reputation of Gutenburg's invention spread across the globe; hence the printing press has gone international.

In spite of technology, we are still using Gutenburg's principles which have been altered and improved by other inventors such as Earl Stanhope, George Clymer; both of which used platen presses similar to its predecessor.

The mechanized press or gear-powered presses emerged in the beginning of 1812. The purpose of the inventors was to maximize the production number at a lesser time and manpower. In 1844, the rotary press by Richard Hoe emerges; it was able to print 8,000 copies in one hour.

After the success of the rotary press, the Bullock press came into picture. It was the first presswork machine attached to a continuous roll of paper; much like those dot matrix printers way back in the 80's. This particular printing could make 30,000 pages in an hour.

Commercial typography has been constantly changing; from heavy equipment to those that fit on top of your desk.

Commercial printers offer the fastest ways of producing copies of written material and pictures.
Digital photos stored on memory cards have somehow replaced endless film rolls. Pictures can be viewed and printed via card adaptors and Bluetooth technology.
Looking at how commercial printing has evolved makes me appreciate my digital and commerical printing company, SE Print.  Keeping up with modern times has made our lives, and theirs, much easier.

This article was written by Dianne Thommes, a free lance writer and artist.

Solve your Math Word Problems in Just 5 Steps

Posted by Jan-Jan Defante On Wednesday, August 14, 2013 0 comments
The most feared assignments students have in math are of word problems. If at any time a student misses out a question on an exam, it may be math word problems. The main reason behind this is the student frequently has trouble in choosing the steps that he/she needs to take to investigate and solve the problem.

Regardless of the level of math, I have searched a method to be extremely successful when tackling word problems. I named it as the 5 step method. I would recommend the teachers and students to utilize this 5 Step Method to solve the math word problems. I am quite sure that students who will practice this 5 Step Method will be able to solve the problem quickly and in less time.
Now, what is this method to solve the math word problems? Here is a step by step procedure which you may use to implement this method to solve your math word problems easily.

5 Step Method

Step 1): The students need to note down what they are requesting you to find out in the word problem. For most of the questions this could be located in the sentence holding the "?" (Question Mark). Assuming that the question was expressed as a command, for instance, 'Find the number.' That would turn into the question to be noted down in step 1.

Step 2): In Step 2) the students are needed to note down what informative data they were given and allot a variable to the things that were unknown. Incorporated in this segment would be a record of things and one of them would be equivalent to x.

Step 3): Step 3 is the algebraic equation that is required to be solved for x. Composing the right equation is the hardest part of this method, yet with practice, students will get better at recognizing the mathematical equation to be utilized. It just needed the student to convert an English sentence into a mathematical sentence. The verb in an English sentence is similar to the equal sign in a mathematical statement. The left hand side of the equation hails from all the expressions in the sentence that show up before the verb. I would suggest the students to record that data first and after that put the equal sign. All the words in the sentence after the verb were converted into a algebraic outflow and put on the right hand side of the equation.

Step 4): Students will then utilize the equation that they built in step 3) and solve the equation for x. This part of the arrangement requires students to know how to tackle different sorts of equations.

Step 5): Using the value of x that they discovered in step 4), students then utilized that informative data to answer the question asked in step 1). Just discovering the value of x is not the solution for the word problem. Students need to check with step 2) to see what the x stood for then afterward utilize it to answer the question. Students are required to write down step 5) in a full sentence.
Here is an illustration of a pre algebra level word problem solved by utilizing the Five Step Method.

Example: A number multiplied by six is four more than four times the number. Find the number.

Step 1) Find the number.
Step 2) Assume x = the number
Step 3) 6x = 4x + 4
Step 4) 2x = 4
x = 2
Step 5) The number is 2.

Regardless of what level of math -pre algebra, Algebra I, II, pre calculus, analytics, trigonometry, utilizing the Five Step Method helps students to analyze precisely what informative content is given and what they have to find keeping in mind the end goal to answer a word problem.

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